ABAP is one of the many application-specific fourth-generation languages (4GLs) first developed in the 1980s. It was originally the report language for SAP R/2, a platform that enabled large corporations to build mainframe business applications for materials management and financial and management accounting.

ABAP used to be an abbreviation of Allgemeiner Berichts Aufbereitungs Prozessor, German for "generic report preparation processor", but was later renamed to the English Advanced Business Application Programming. ABAP was one of the first languages to include the concept of Logical Databases (LDBs), which provides a high level of abstraction from the basic database level(s).

ABAP remains as the language for creating programs for the client-server R/3 system, which SAP first released in 1992. As computer hardware evolved through the 1990s, more and more of SAP's applications and systems were written in ABAP. By 2001, all but the most basic functions were written in ABAP. In 1999, SAP released an object-oriented extension to ABAP called ABAP Objects, along with R/3 release 4.6.

In the database all ABAP code exists in two forms: source code, which can be viewed and edited with the ABAP Workbench tools; and generated code, a binary representation somewhat comparable with Java byte code. ABAP programs execute under the control of the runtime system, which is part of the SAP kernel.

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Course Information

Duration: 40 Hours

Timings: Week days 1-2 Hours per day (or) Weekends: 2-3 Hours per day

Method: Online/Classroom Training

Study Material: Soft Copy

System Access: For 1 month

Course Content

Introduction to ABAP/4

  • What is ABAP?
  • Logon to SAP Environment
  • Transaction Codes
  • Multitasking Commands
  • Comments
  • Errors
  • ABAP/4 Editor(SE38)
  • Steps for Creating a Program
  • Elements in R/3 Screen
  • Output Statements
  • Operators in ABAP
  • Data, Parameter & Constant Statements
  • Data Types & Classification
  • Data Objects & Classification
  • Text Elements
  • String Operations
  • Control Statements
  • Field strings

ABAP Dictionary

  • ABAP Dictionary Introduction
  • Data Dictionary Functions
  • Data Dictionary Object
    • oData Base Tables
    • oStructures
    • oViews
    • oData Elements
    • oType Groups
    • oDomains
    • oSearch helps
    • oLock objects
  • Primary Key and Foreign Key
  • Table Maintenance Generator


  • Creating a package
  • Difference between local objects & packages
  • Transferring local objects to packages


  • Variants Introduction
  • Creating variants in ABAP Editor & Data Dictionary

Message Classes

  • Message Class Introduction
  • Message types
  • Calling message class in Report & Dialog programs

Selection Screens

  • Selection screen Introduction
    • oParameter Statement
    • oSelect-options Statement
    • oSelection-screen Statement
  • Screen table and its fields
  • Dynamic screen modification by using Modify Id key

Open SQL Statements

  • Select
  • Insert
  • Modify
  • Update
  • Delete

Internal Tables

  • Internal Tables Introduction
  • Declaring Internal Table
  • Populating Internal Table
  • Processing Internal Table
  • Initializing Internal Tables
  • Inner Joins And For All Entries
  • Control Break Statements

Debugging Techniques

  • Debugging Techniques Introduction
  • Break-points (Static & Dynamic)
  • Watch points
  • Dynamically changing internal tables contents in Debugging Editor
  • Options to step through the program in Debugging Editor

Modularization Techniques

  • Modularization Techniques Introduction
  • Includes
  • Subroutines
  • Passing Parameters to Subroutines
  • Passing Tables to Subroutines
  • Function Groups & Function Modules


  • Reports Introduction
  • Classical Reports
  • Interactive Reports
  • Techniques Used For Interactive Reports
    • oHotspot
    • oHide
    • oGet Cursor

ALV Reports

  • ALV Reports Introduction
  • ALV through Function Modules
  • ALV Types

Dialog / Module Pool Programming/ Transactions

  • MPP Introduction
  • Relationship between Screen, Flow Logic and Program
  • Flow Logic Events
    • oProcess Before Output (PBO)
    • oProcess After Input (PAI)
    • oProcess On Value Request (POV)
    • oProcess On Help Request (POH)
  • Include Programs in MPP
    • oInclude TOP
    • oInclude I01
    • oInclude O01
    • oInclude F01
  • Dynamic Screens
    • oLeave Screen
    • oLeave to Screen
    • oCall Screen
    • oSet Screen
  • Processing of List from Transaction and Vice Versa
  • Elements in Screen Layout
    • oTable Controls
    • oStep Loops
    • oTabstrip Controls
    • oSubscreens

Batch Data Communication

  • BDC Introduction
  • Recording
  • BDC Methods
    • oCall Transaction Method
    • oSession Method
  • Handling Table Controls in BDC
  • Legacy System Migration Workbench
    • oDifferent Methods
    • oFlat file creation
    • oUploading data
  • File Handling
    • oApplication Server
    • oPresentation Server

SAP Scripts

  • SAP Scripts Introduction
  • Components of SAP Scripts
  • oLayout Set
  • oStandard Text
  • oOut Put Program
  • Modifying Standard SAP Script Layouts
  • Including Logos
  • SAP Script Utilities - Upload / Download
  • Smart Forms Introduction
  • Graphics Management
  • Style Maintenance
    • oParagraph Formats
    • oCharacter Formats
  • Writing print program and designing layouts

Smart Forms

  • Smart Forms Introduction
  • Graphics Management
  • Style Maintenance
  • oParagraph Formats
  • oCharacter Formats
  • Writing print program and designing layouts

Runtime Analysis & SQL Tracing

  • Cross Applications
  • Introduction to Distributed Environment
  • Introduction to Cross Applications


  • Introduction to RFC
  • Creating RFC Destination between 2 Systems
  • Creating Remote Enabled Function Modules
  • Creating program using Remote Enabled Function Modules


  • ALE Basics
  • Overview of Outbound & Inbound Process
  • Configuration Steps
  • Define logical systems
  • Assign client to logical system
  • RFC destination
  • Customer distribution model
  • Creating Ports


  • ALE Basics
  • Overview of Outbound & Inbound Process
  • Configuration Steps
  • Define logical systems
  • Assign client to logical system
  • RFC destination
  • Customer distribution model
  • Creating Ports


  • EDI Basics
  • Difference between ALE & EDI
  • Overview of Outbound & Inbound Process
  • Configuration Steps
  • Port Creation
  • Partner Profile Creation

User Exits

  • User Exits Overview
  • Types of User Exits
    • oField Exit
    • oScreen Exit
    • oFunction Exit
    • oMenu Exit


  • BAPI Overview
  • Creation of BAPI


  • What is workflow?
  • Overview of workflow


  • BADIs Overview
  • Defining a BADI
  • Implementing a BADI

OOPS Concept

  • Object Oriented ABAP Overview
  • Defining a Class
  • Implementing a Class

Miscellaneous Topics

  • Correction & Transport request (CTS)
  • Transport Organizer
  • Work Bench Request
  • Task Creation
  • Release Objects
  • SAP Memory & ABAP Memory
  • Logical Database
  • SD Flow
  • MM Flow

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